Virtual Reality Panoramas: World Architecture (Columbia University)
The Media Center for Art History, Columbia University, has contributed nearly 1,900 virtual reality panoramas of world architecture (formerly called QuickTime Virtual Reality) to the Artstor Digital Library. The selection focuses on iconic buildings and sites with a global scope, featuring interior and exterior perspectives. The range extends from antiquity with sites like the Bam Citadel in Iran and the Pantheon in Rome, to Gothic cathedrals throughout France, Italy and England, palaces like Blenheim and Chambord, temples and castles from Imperial Japan, mosques from Turkey, as well as modern and contemporary landmarks.
These 360° spherical views enable faculty and students to supplement traditional slide images with interactive, immersive experiences that are especially compelling and effective for the study of architectural spaces. The Media Center for Art History took a lead role in developing this panorama technology to document a variety of monuments and sites in the United States, Asia, Europe, and beyond, assembling a comprehensive global collection, including: ancient highlights like the Domus Aurea, and the Forum in Rome; early Christian and Byzantine monuments and buildings such as the Mausoleum of Galla Placidia, the Orthodox Baptistry, Sant'Apollinare Nuovo, Sant'Apollinare in Classe, and San Vitale in Ravenna, as well as Hosios Lukas in Greece and Fethiye Camii in Turkey; Islamic sites, notably Hagia Sophia; medieval cathedrals from Amiens to York; many Renaissance and Baroque landmarks; and important 19th- and 20th-century buildings exemplified by the Paris Opera, Le Corbusier's Church of Notre Dame du Haut in Ronchamp, Rem Koolhaas' Seattle Public Library, among many others.
In addition to publishing selections from the full Columbia collection, Artstor sponsored specific campaigns:
Venice Campaign 2007
In 2007, the Venice campaign produced over 340 panoramas of a range of historic landmarks. These include: the Ca' d'Oro, the Doge's Palace, Piazza San Marco, the Rialto Bridge, San Giorgio Maggiore, Santa Maria dei Miracoli, Santa Maria della Salute, San Michele in Isola, San Pietro di Castello, Santa Maria Gloriosa dei Frari, San Zaccaria, Santo Stefano, the Scuola Grande della Misericordia, the Scuola Grande di San Marco, the Scuola Grande di San Rocco, and the Scuola Grande di San Giovanni Evangelista. This campaign was conducted under the aegis of the Columbia University Center for Study in Venice at Casa Muraro.
Japan Campaign 2010
The Japanese campaign generated approximately 200 panoramas and 2,000 still photographs of traditional and contemporary architecture. The team documented 20th- and 21st-century architecture in Tokyo, including the work of Tadao Ando, Le Corbusier, Maki Fumihiko, Chûta Itô, Tôyô Itô, Kengo Kuma, Sejima and Nishizawa and Associates (SANAA), Seiichi Shirai, Kenzô Tange, and Frank Lloyd Wright Tetsurô Yoshida. Also included are panoramas of temples, shrines, and residences in the pre-modern capitals of Nara and Kyoto, many of which have been designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Chicago and South America Campaign, 2011
In 2011, Artstor sponsored a campaign that resulted in nearly 140 panoramas of architecture in Chicago, and 18 panoramas of sites in Peru and Bolivia. The Chicago selection features Frank Lloyd Wright's home and studio, the Mies van der Rohe buildings at the Illinois Institute of Technology, Louis Sullivan's Holy Trinity Orthodox Cathedral, and Chicago's Millennium Park. Panoramas from South America include Sacsayhuamán, an Inca walled complex, and Tambomachay, an Inca site of aqueducts, canals and waterfalls, both near Cusco, Peru; Sillustani, a pre-Incan burial ground on the shores of Lake Umayo near Puno, Peru; the Chimu adobe city of Chan Chan, near Trujillo, Peru; and an Inca temple in Isla del Sol, Bolivia.
The Media Center for Art History explores material culture, vision, media, and pedagogy in the broadest sense to connect faculty research and student learning through the creative application of technology.