The Phillips Collection is now represented in ARTstor with over 1,000 images of Modern and Contemporary art from around the world.
In 1921, the Phillips Collection opened to showcase the collection of Duncan Phillips (1886-1966) and is the first museum of Modern art in the United States. Phillips founded the museum in his private residence, a Georgian Revival building located in Washington, D.C.’s Dupont Circle neighborhood. He built his collection on the premise that artists are influenced by their predecessors, thereby purchasing works by El Greco and Jean-Simeon Chardin as foreshadowings of later Expressionist and Modernist painting. From these foundations, Phillips would acquire works by European masters such as Pierre Bonnard, Georges Braque, Paul Cézanne, Honoré Daumier, Edgar Degas, Vincent van Gogh, Paul Klee, Henri Matisse, Claude Monet, Pablo Picasso, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Edouard Vuillard. Renoir’s masterpiece, Luncheon of the Boating Party (1880-1881), is the museum’s best-known work. Phillips also collected works by American artists, including Richard Diebenkorn, Thomas Eakins, Winslow Homer, Jacob Lawrence, Maurice Prendergast, Mark Rothko, Albert Ryder, and James Abbot McNeill Whistler, among others. In addition, Phillips supported emerging artists like Milton Avery, Arthur Dove, John Marin, and Georgia O’Keeffe, purchasing their works to provide them with the means to continue their artistic vocations. Over the course of 50 years, Phillips and his wife Marjorie would amass a collection of over 2,000 works. Since Phillips’ death in 1966, the museum has continued to add to its permanent collection, which now comprises nearly 2,500 works by artists from around the world.

To locate these images in the ARTstor Digital Library, you may browse to view all the images included in this collection. From the welcome page, click on “ARTstor Collections” then choose “The Phillips Collection” from the resulting list.

For more information about this collection, see the Phillips Collection page.