Kondane Caves, Caves 1 & 2; 100 BCE; India, Maharashtra. Image and original data provided by David Efurd © David Efurd

Artstor and David Efurd are now sharing approximately 10,000 images of rock-cut Buddhist caves, sites, sculptures, and monasteries in India and Korea; Hindu and Jain sites; and ancient and medieval sculptures from museums in India.

Between the 3rd century BCE and the 10th century CE, Buddhist, Hindu, and Jain temples and monasteries were carved into stone cliffs in India. Efurd documented well-known, highly embellished cave sites such as Ajanta, Ellora, Bhaja, Karli, Elephanta, Jogeshvari, and Udaigiri, as well as lesser-known sites like Karadh, Kondana, and Dhamnar. Efurd also photographed many other archaeological sites and works in various museums, such as the Indian Museum in Calcutta.

David Efurd is an assistant professor of Art History at Wofford College in Spartanburg, South Carolina. He received a Fulbright-Hays award to undertake an extensive study of rock-cut cave architecture. During his tenure and in subsequent trips, he visited seventy rock-cut sites and amassed over ten thousand photographs of both interior and exterior rock-cut features, including architectural details, inscriptions, and sculptures.

View the collection in the Artstor Digital Library.

For more detailed information, visit the David Efurd collection page in Artstor.